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All about hypoparathyroidism causes of hypoparathyroidism symptoms of hypoparathyroidism diagnosis of hypoparathyroidism treatment for hypoparathyroidism

What's the treatment for hypoparathyroidism?

Whether it is hereditary or acquired, hypoparathyroidism is treated with calcium and vitamin D supplements to maintain a normal level of calcium in the blood. Vitamin D is necessary because it helps the body to absorb calcium. The supplements must be taken for the rest of your life, and your blood levels of calcium and vitamin D must be tested regularly to ensure that

proper levels are being maintained. Regular checkups are important. Episodes of tetany are treated with calcium given intravenously (into a vein), which provides quick relief of symptoms.

Medications called diuretics sometimes are given to prevent too much calcium from being lost through the urine, a problem that can lead to kidney stones. Taking diuretics also reduces the amount of calcium and vitamin D supplements you need.

In the event of severe muscle spasms, hospitalization may be warranted for calcium injections. Raising carbon-dioxide levels in the blood, which can decrease muscle spasms, may be achieved in immediate situations by placing a paper bag over the mouth and blowing into it to "reuse" each breath. It is critical to obtain timely periodic laboratory tests to check calcium levels. A high calcium, low-phosphorous diet may be of significance and is directed by the physician or dietitian.

A lifelong regimen of dietary and/or supplemental calcium and vitamin D is usually required to restore calcium and mineral balance. In the acute phase of hypoparathyroidism, calcium will be administered intravenously; diuretics may be prescribed in that circumstance as well to prevent over excretion of calcium in the urine and to reduce the amount of calcium and vitamin D needed.

More information on hypoparathyroidism

What is hypoparathyroidism? - Hypoparthyroidism is a deficiency of parathyroid hormone that causes abnormal metabolism of calcium and phosphorus.
What causes hypoparathyroidism? - Causes of hypoparathyroidism include accidental removal of a parathyroid gland when the thyroid is removed.
What are the symptoms of hypoparathyroidism? - The most common symptoms of hypoparathyroidism is muscle cramps or tightness and tingling of the lips or fingers.
How is hypoparathyroidism diagnosed? - Diagnosis of hypoparathyroidism begin with the individual's own observation of symptoms.
What's the treatment for hypoparathyroidism? - Hypoparathyroidism is treated with calcium and vitamin D supplements to maintain a normal level of calcium in the blood. 
Endocrine disorders Mainpage

Topics in endocrine disorders

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Hyperparathyroidism
Hypoparathyroidism
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Thyroid gland disorders


All information is intended for reference only. Please consult your physician for accurate medical advices and treatment. Copyright 2005, health-cares.net, all rights reserved. Last update: July 18, 2005