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All about hyperparathyroidism causes hyperparathyroidism symptoms of hyperparathyroidism diagnosis of hyperparathyroidism treatments for hyperparathyroidism primary hyperparathyroidism secondary hyperparathyroidism

What are the symptoms of hyperparathyroidism?

Most of the symptoms of hyperparathyroidism are those present as a result of hypercalcemia, such as kidney stones,

osteoporosis, or bone degradation resulting from the bones giving up calcium. Muscle weakness, central nervous system disturbances such as depression, psychomotor and personality disturbances, and rarely, even coma can occur. Patients may also experience heartburn, nausea, constipation, or abdominal pain. In secondary hyperparathyroidism, patients may show signs of calcium imbalance such as deformities of the long bones. Symptoms of the underlying disease may also be present.

Most commonly, hyperparathyroidism occurs as the result of a single adenoma, or benign tumor, in one of the parathyroid glands. About 90% of all cases of hyperparathyroidism are caused by an adenoma. The tumors are seldom cancerous. They will grow to a much larger size than the parathyroid glands, often to the size of a walnut. Genetic disorders or multiple endocrine tumors can also cause a parathyroid gland to enlarge and oversecrete hormone. In 10% or fewer of patients with primary hyperparathyroidism, there is enlargement of all four parathyroid glands. This condition is called parathyroid hyperplasia.

More information on hyperparathyroidism

What is hyperparathyroidism? - Hyperparathyroidism is excessive production of parathyroid hormone by the parathyroid glands.
What causes hyperparathyroidism? - The vast majority of hyperparathyroidism cases occur in people with no family history of the disorder.
What are the symptoms of hyperparathyroidism? - Most of the symptoms of hyperparathyroidism are kidney stones, osteoporosis, or bone degradation.
How is hyperparathyroidism diagnosed? - Diagnosis of hyperparathyroidism is made when a blood test reveals high levels of parathyroid hormone and calcium.
What're the treatments for hyperparathyroidism? - The treatment of hyperparathyroidism is primarily surgical, surgical treatment of hyparathyroidism is very safe and successful.
What is primary hyperparathyroidism? - Primary hyperparathyroidism is a common disease that occurs when parathyroid glands become overactive.
What is secondary hyperparathyroidism? - Secondary hyperparathyroidism is a functional disorder of all of the four parathyroid glands due to a serious chronic kidney insufficiency. 
Endocrine disorders Mainpage

Topics in endocrine disorders

Adrenal insufficiency
Addison's disease
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia
Conn's syndrome
Cushing's syndrome
Nelson's syndrome
Pheochromocytoma
Bartter's syndrome
Neuroblastoma
Adrenocortical carcinoma
Hypoglycemia
Insulinoma
Rickets
Osteomalacia
Hyperparathyroidism
Hypoparathyroidism
Pituitary gland disorders
Thyroid gland disorders


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