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All about hyperparathyroidism causes hyperparathyroidism symptoms of hyperparathyroidism diagnosis of hyperparathyroidism treatments for hyperparathyroidism primary hyperparathyroidism secondary hyperparathyroidism

How is hyperparathyroidism diagnosed?

Diagnosis of hyperparathyroidism is most often made when a blood test (radioimmunoassay) reveals high levels of

parathyroid hormone and calcium. A blood test that specifically measures the amount of parathyroid hormone has made diagnosis simpler. X-ray examinations may be performed to look for areas of diffuse bone demineralization, bone cysts, outer bone absorption and erosion of the long bones of the fingers and toes. Hypercalcemia is mild or intermittent in some patients, but is an excellent indicator of primary hyperparathyroidism. Dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA or DXA), a tool used to diagnose and measure osteoporosis, is used to show reduction in bone mass for primary hyperparathryroidism patients. Once a diagnosis of hyperparathyroidism is reached, the physician will probably order further tests to evaluate complications. For example, abdominal radiographs might reveal kidney stones.

For secondary hyperparathyroidism, normal or slightly decreased calcium levels in the blood and variable phosphorous levels may be visible. Patient history of familial kidney disease or convulsive disorders may suggest a diagnosis of secondary hyperparathyroidism. Other tests may reveal a disease or disorder, which is causing the secondary hyperparathyroidism.

More information on hyperparathyroidism

What is hyperparathyroidism? - Hyperparathyroidism is excessive production of parathyroid hormone by the parathyroid glands.
What causes hyperparathyroidism? - The vast majority of hyperparathyroidism cases occur in people with no family history of the disorder.
What are the symptoms of hyperparathyroidism? - Most of the symptoms of hyperparathyroidism are kidney stones, osteoporosis, or bone degradation.
How is hyperparathyroidism diagnosed? - Diagnosis of hyperparathyroidism is made when a blood test reveals high levels of parathyroid hormone and calcium.
What're the treatments for hyperparathyroidism? - The treatment of hyperparathyroidism is primarily surgical, surgical treatment of hyparathyroidism is very safe and successful.
What is primary hyperparathyroidism? - Primary hyperparathyroidism is a common disease that occurs when parathyroid glands become overactive.
What is secondary hyperparathyroidism? - Secondary hyperparathyroidism is a functional disorder of all of the four parathyroid glands due to a serious chronic kidney insufficiency. 
Endocrine disorders Mainpage

Topics in endocrine disorders

Adrenal insufficiency
Addison's disease
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia
Conn's syndrome
Cushing's syndrome
Nelson's syndrome
Pheochromocytoma
Bartter's syndrome
Neuroblastoma
Adrenocortical carcinoma
Hypoglycemia
Insulinoma
Rickets
Osteomalacia
Hyperparathyroidism
Hypoparathyroidism
Pituitary gland disorders
Thyroid gland disorders


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